Boron carburide is a high-performance carbon compound, which is composed primarily of boron, carbon, and other elements. The chemical formula for B4C is B4C. It has high heat transfer and melting point. It’s widely used by industries, the military, and aerospace. This article will give a detailed description of the physical properties and chemical composition, as well as preparation methods, performance characteristics, and applications fields, for use in research and other fields.
Boron carbide, a non-metallic inorganic material, has a mass density of 2.52g/cm3. It has a cubic lattice structure, a dense black crystal and a 0.243nm lattice constant. Boron carbide exhibits a low electrical conductivity of only 10-6S/m, and has excellent insulation. Its thermal conductivity (97W/m*K) is lower than metals, silicon and ceramics but higher than glass and other materials.
Boron carbide exhibits chemical stability, and it is not reactive to acids or alkalis. B4C is reactive with H2O and O2. High temperatures can generate B2O3, CO etc. B4C has anti-oxidant and corrosion resistance. This makes it suitable for long term use in corrosive and high-temperature environments.
Preparation methods for boron carbide The main methods are the carbon thermal decomposition method, the arc melting technique, and the chemical vapour deposit method.
Methode de réduction du carbothermal
The carbon thermal method is widely used to prepare boron carbide . This method generates carbon dioxide and boron carburide by melting boric black and carbon. The reaction formula is B2O3+3C + B4C+CO. The reaction temperature ranges from 1500 to 1700°C. The method has the advantage of being simple, low-cost, and easy to use. However, the boron carbide produced is not of high purity.
Arc melting method
In the arc melting process, graphite electrodes are heated and melted in a reaction between boric acid (or borax) to create boron carbide. The reaction formula is B2O3+3C = B4C. The reaction temperature ranges between 1800 and 2000°C. This method yields boron-carbide with high purity, fine particle size and a complex and expensive process.
Chemical vapour deposition method
Chemical vapour deposition uses a reaction of gaseous carbon black and borane at high temperature to create boron carburide. The reaction formula is B2H6+6C + B4C+6H2. The reaction temperature ranges between 1000-1200°C. This method yields boron-carbide with high purity, superfine particles and a complex and expensive process.
Physical, chemical, mechanical, and other properties are primarily considered when describing the performance of boron carbide.
Density, conductivity, and thermal conductivity are the main physical properties of Boron carbide. Among these, the density of the boron carbide material is 2.52g/cm3, its conductivity is 10-6S/m. And the thermal conductivity, 97W/m*K.
Boron carbide exhibits chemical stability, and it is not reactive to acids or alkalis. B4C is reactive with H2O and O2. High temperatures can generate B2O3, CO etc. B4C has anti-oxidant and corrosion resistance. This makes it suitable for long term use in environments with high temperatures and corrosive elements.
Boron carbide’s high hardness, melting temperature, and heat transfer make it a popular material in many industries. Hardness of 3500kg/mm2, melting point 2450, and heat transfer rate 135W/m*K are among the characteristics that make boron carbide so popular in industries, military, aerospace, and other fields.
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