There has been a long history in the development and discovery of superconducting metals. This discovery, in 1911, has drawn attention from researchers around the world. Its research has led to many breakthroughs. But its potential application and development is limited by its nature. From 1986 until the discovery and application of high temperature superconducting minerals (HTS), superconducting technologies were in transition from research to development.
After over twenty years of hard work, high temperature superconducting substances and related science have rapidly been created and are being used in various fields, such as power, transportation, medical, and even medicine. Because superconducting is an emerging technology in science and technology today, it has great potential for commercialization, strategic significance, and broad applications. A new industrial revolution will undoubtedly result from the widespread adoption of superconducting technologies and their wide use.
Status for superconducting materials at high temperatures
HTS material applications can generally be divided into strong and weak current categories. All superconducting uses are built on the complete diamagnetism and zero resistance of superconductors. Most superconducting applications are dependent on the energy gap, tunnel and magnetic flux. Strong electric fields like power systems are the main use of HTS strip and blocks. While superconducting, thin-film HTS is used to make superconducting, quantum interference devices. These devices are very versatile in weak electric conditions.
Use status for high temperature superconducting materials within the field of strong electricity
HTS superconducting minerals were found to have special applicability properties. Application research for high power began in the early 1990s. Initial research focused on making high temperature superconducting leads, including coil magnet technology. Presently, the use of superconducting materials at high temperatures has led to significant advances in energy and transportation as well high energy physics.
(1) Used for power energy it can be used as HTS Cable, HTS Transformer, Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage, HTS Flywheel Energy Storage, HTS Motor, HTS Generator, or HTS Current Lead in Test and Development Stage.
HTS maglev train and superconducting magnetic propulsion ship have been successfully developed in transportation. HTS technology may also be employed in electric cars, planes and vertical transportation systems.
(3) Biological medicine, which has been extensively used for superconducting Magnetic Resonance Imaging Device and has developed superconducting Nuclear Magnetic Reconnaissance Spectrometer, Superconducting Prions Generator, and moreover will have a superconducting Magnet, strong magnetic field from a large amount of magnetized waters used in agriculture, and can be used to promote growth and metabolism, increase the survival rate and treat many types of diseases.
Furthermore, high energy physics research is often used as a detector magnet/transport magnet and an accelerating magni. Military field is also dominated by superconducting technologies such as the superconducting electromagnetic gun and superconducting las weapon. These include superconducting miners that are light, portable, powerful, lightweight, mobile, with large steps, towing, magnetic fields, energy and strong magnetism. These advantages include low cost, elimination of dead zone, weak target signals characteristics, reliability and system security. It is of critical strategic importance for national defense because superconducting arms and equipment play a crucial role. The current international circumstances make it reasonable to suppose that superconducting research in the military area will see more attention.
High Temperature Superior Conducting Materials in Weak Electricity: Application Status
There are many uses for high temperature superconducting metals in the fields of weak current and strong magnetic field, especially in communication and electronics.
(1) In the superconducting field, inductors and computers SQUID are used for earthquake prediction, in space, as well as military applications.
(2)HTS filters for mobile communication base stations, mobile communications and any other field, as well as HTS microstrip antennas for communications, navigation, or other fields. Superconducting filters offer many benefits, including a steep signal-to-noise, high selectivity, strong antiinterference ability and excellent selectivity. 3G coverage will extend to all of Japan’s prefecture-level cities and many other towns, villages, major highways, scenic spots, and counties by 2011. In the future, there will be more than 400 000 3C base stations. To build a network you will also need 4C network design, network optimization, and upgrading. The market for 10 million will grow if superconducting and original base station optimization is used by 20%.
(3)Other applications of weak currents include superconducting superconducting magnet shielding, military and lab research, superconducting superconducting cables, superconducting submarines (SCC), and modern aircraft.
After 20 years of work, the technology used to prepare high-temperature superconducting substances has reached maturity and can now be industrialized and applied on large scale. With the new development trends of energy saving and environmental protection, as well as new materials and renewable energy, the potential applications and markets for high temperature supraconducting products are immense. In addition, high temperature superconducting and related materials are highly in demand. To make high temperature superconducting metals practical again, it will require the cooperation of government agencies as well scientific research centers and companies.
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